Blog : WHAT IS DYSCALCULIA? HOW CAN ABACUS LEARNING HELP?

WHAT IS DYSCALCULIA? HOW CAN ABACUS LEARNING HELP?

A girl child lost in numbers and confused with while another one calculating on an Abacus

19Jan

Does your child struggle in Math? Has serious issues with basic Math concepts like recognizing numbers, counting, estimating or telling time, etc. Just check, maybe the child is a case of 'Dyscalculia'.

In this write-up, we will discuss Dyscalculia. We will answer the following related questions:

1. What is Dyscalculia?

2. How common is it?

3. Are all math difficulties caused by Dyscalculia?

4. Recognizing/ Diagnosing Dyscalculia

5. Treating Dyscalculia

6. How Parents Can Help

What Is Dyscalculia?

Dyscalculia is a specific learning disability. This term is used when a student has difficulties in learning basic math concepts and performing number-related operations.

The Math skills of such children usually have below-average math skills.

How common is it?

Studies have shown that Dyscalculia is seen in 3% to 7% of children. It is seen in an equal ratio in both genders.

Are all math-related difficulties caused by Dyscalculia?

No. Not necessarily. Other learning disorders can also contribute to poor performance in the Math learning abilities of a child.

Some children perform very well in other subjects, but still, they may be suffering from Dyscalculia.

Recognizing/ Diagnosing Dyscalculia

Many of the children show signs of anxiety the moment you expose them to numbers. They fear math, as they are unable to understand the processes involved in performing anything related to numbers.

The symptoms start to surface from early school days. They may have problems in recognizing numbers, counting, etc. They require more time to solve any math problem compared to the other kids in the class. But in a normal learning ability child, this should improve with time.

If the problem persists and the child does not show signs of improvement, we can conclude it is Dyscalculia.

Parents can contribute to diagnosing Dyscalculia, in the early years of the child. This can be of great help in overcoming the problem. Thankfully it is curable.

So, what should you look for?

Look for the following symptoms:

Early Symptoms


a) See if the child gets confused while recognizing numbers
b) Always take external support (using fingers) while counting.
c) Is slow in learning to count.
d) The child cannot always correctly connect the word with their numerical, like 3 with three.

e) Patterns confuse the child, and cannot put things in order.
f) Cannot perform Mental Math, always loses links.

Symptoms as the children grow


a) Learn basic math functions like addition and subtraction with great difficulty.
b) It is not easy for them to understand non-numerical math problems as the concepts are difficult for them to understand.
c) Math Home assignments and tests are a real challenge for them.

d) They are at a loss when asked to estimate the tentative time required to complete a certain task.
e) As they grow they cannot understand spatial ideas like graphs and charts.

Symptoms beyond the school

Cannot remember phone numbers, scores, zip codes, etc.

Cannot estimate the distance from one point to the other or the travel time required.

Have a mix-up when it comes left and right or even recalling directions.

Cannot read the clock correctly.

Get confused about calculating cost when at a shop and often cannot calculate the amount of change to be received back.

Usually, avoid games that involve calculations like constantly maintaining and remembering the score.

The basic symptoms are the inability to learn and do basic math like addition, subtraction, recalling math facts like tables, formulae, performing mental math, or showing poor problem-solving skills.

Parents can identify a child struggling with Dyscalculia, but the teacher is expected to assure this if a child is having consistent problems with his/her Math lessons.

A teacher should not conclude that a child does not like Math or has Math anxiety. It may be a case of Dyscalculia. If the teacher fails to identify, it is advisable to contact a Psychologist.

Dyscalculia is often hereditary. These children also exhibit other learning disabilities Dyslexia or ADHD.

Treating Dyscalculia

I will put the treatment of Dyscalculia in two parts: The Role of the Parents and that of the School.

1. The role of Parents- parents have a lot to contribute and they can prove to be of great help.

a. Create a Positive environment and motivate - The child should be made to believe that they can perform in math. That it is easy and they will become perfect with practice. Award them for their smallest achievement.

b. Encourage External Aids - Encourage the use of external help that can promote visualization of numbers and ease their manipulation and understanding of the arithmetic problems. The external aids can be an Abacus Tool, cubes, calculator, etc.

c. Focus one at a time- Parents must help the child with their math homework. Make it simple. Train the child to focus on one sum at one time. They can do this by writing one question on a separate sheet and not worrying about the others. This helps in reducing the mental pressure of the workload.

d. Make math a practical activity - You can link numbers to daily activities in your home, play board games like ludo, snake & ladder. Basic arithmetic operations, like addition and subtraction, can be practiced with the stuff in your kitchen. Over a period this reduces the fear of numbers in the children.

2. Role of School and External Aids-

a. Role of School - As the first step, the math teacher must identify if a child is suffering from Dyscalculia. Once done, they can plan out differential learning plans for them, like additional time or extra class as we call it, allowing a little extra time in tests. Appreciate them in the class for doing things right etc. The Math teacher must regularly communicate with parents about a child's progress and guide them about the do's and don't s.

b. Role of external aids like Calculators & Abacus -

Calculator -While a calculator can reduce the stress of calculations, it may not be of great help in understanding the concept.

Abacus Classes - Abacus Classes - Abacus training adds a lot of confidence to the Mental Math abilities of children with Dyscalculia. The use of the Abacus tool transforms the abstract nature of numbers into tangible objects with identifiable value. It is of great help to a child as it reduces the stress on the working memory and thus helps in retaining more information. It helps in developing and using working memory. Moreover, it has been scientifically proven that the process involved in Abacus learning triggers whole brain development, enhances concentration, improves listening ability, visualization ability, improves recall of math facts, and enhances memory. They can perform Mental Math at speed, accuracy, and confidence. All these help the children with Dyscalculia to perform better in Math and overcome math phobia.

Modern-day Abacus training is not limited to the use of an ancient Abacus tool only. It has gone hi-tech with the introduction of Abacus-based math video games. These games are designed to be not only highly engaging, but they are also competitive, encouraging as they come with points and awards for every right answer and most importantly follow the calculation method of the ancient Abacus Math. Abacus E-learning Platforms have made Abacus accessible across the world, with no more geographical boundaries.

Training at Abacus classes through all its levels is seen to improve in the children struggling with Dyscalculia. It improves their computation skills, Mental Math ability, and logical reasoning capacity.

The most important thing is that Dyscalculia is treatable. There is nothing to panic about. Never forget motivating the child is the key to success.


Also Read: Recall: How Significant Is It?


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